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Part 1 - Linguistic Diversity and the Maritime Fur Trade

How did early European visitors to the Pacific Northwest communicate with Native people?

What were their attitudes toward Native languages?


Linguistic Hot Spot

Activity 1.1  Mapping the language families of North America

Languages of the Pacific Northwest map

Teacher notes on linguistic diversity 

Activity 1.2  Origins of different languages

Teacher notes on the origins of different languages

Activity 1.3  How do linguists categorize languages?

Nootka Sound and the Maritime Fur Trade

Overview of the Nuu-Chah-Nulth Language

Exercise 1.1: Past Tense Formation in Nuu-chah-nulth and English

Teacher notes on the Nootka Sound readings

Artifact 1.1    First Contacts, by Father Tomás de la Peña, 1774

Artifact 1.2  John Ledyard’s Impression of the Northwest Coast

Artifact 1.3  Noticias de Nutka, an account of Nootka Sound in 1792

Artifact 1.4  Winged Canoes at Nootka

Activity 1.4 Depiction of European-Native Contact in Five Different Textbooks



Map made on 1774 Juan Perez expedition, recently discovered and proving that this was the first expedition to map the Pacific Northwest, 1774

Courtesy National Archives via HistoryLink

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