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Table of Contents

Artifact Analysis and Evaluation

Part 1 - Linguistic Diversity and the Maritime Fur Trade 

A Linguistic Hot Spot

Activity 1.1  Mapping the language families of North America

Languages of the Pacific Northwest map

Teacher notes on Linguistic Diversity

Activity 1.2  Origins of different languages

Activity 1.3  Numbers in Indo-European and non-Indo-European Language Families of North America

Nootka Sound and the Maritime Fur Trade

Overview of the Nuu-Chah-Nulth Language

Exercise 1.1: Past Tense Formation in Nuu-chah-nulth and English

Teacher notes on the Nootka Sound readings

Artifact 1.1    First Contacts, by Father Tomás de la Peña, 1774

Artifact 1.2  John Ledyard’s Impression of the Northwest Coast

Artifact 1.3  Noticias de Nutka, an account of Nootka Sound in 1792

Artifact 1.4  Winged Canoes at Nootka

Activity 1.4 Depiction of European-Native Contact in Five Different Textbooks

Part 2 - Kanaka Town and the Overland Fur Trade 

Hawaiians at Fort Vancouver

Hawaiian Language and Syllabic Structure

Exercise 2.1: Syllabic Structure and Pig Latin

Language Contact and Hawaiian Creole English


Horatio Hale and the US Exploring Expedition

The Development of Chinuk Wawa

Chinuk Wawa as a lingua franca

Activity 2.1: An interview with Tony Johnson

Activity 2.2: Wawa fruit crates

Part 3 - The Power of Treaties and Huchoosedah


Activity 3.1: Translating the Treaties


Exercise 3.1: Reduplication in Lushootseed

Huchoosedah and Indian Boarding Schools

Canadian and US Social Studies Teaching

British Columbia Ministry of Education Curriculum

Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State

Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (WA): Social Studies

College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards


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